On a wintry December day in 1542 a baby was born at the royal palace at Linlithgow. Marie of Guise, wife of James V gave birth to the girl who was to become known as Mary Queen of Scots. It did not seem a time for rejoicing, however: James V lay dying in Falkland Palace after the disastrous defeat of his troops by the English at Solway Moss. Six days after her birth he died and Mary was declared the new monarch of Scotland. Still only a baby, she was crowned Queen on 9 September 1543 at Stirling Castle. Historic-Scotland.